Bhubaneswar, July 11: The World Population Day is observed on 11th July every year all across the globe. It was inspired by the public interest in Five Billion Day on July 11, 1987, approximately the date on which the world’s population reached five billion-mark. World Population Day was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.
Observation of World Population Day -2015 in Odisha:
The State level ceremony for observance of World Population Day was held in Bhubaneswar today. State Health & Family Welfare and I & PR Minister Shri. Atanu Sabyasachi Nayak graced the occasion as chief guest. Among others Principal Secretary, Health & FW Department Smt. Arti Ahuja, IAS, Mission Director, National Health Mission, Odisha Smt. Roopa Mishra, Director of Family Welfare Dr (Mrs). Nirmala Dei were also attended the ceremony.
Minister Shri Nayak felicitated and awarded Gajapati, Mayurbhanj and Bolangir as best three districts for family planning performance on sterilisation operation during and Koraput, Rayagada and Keonjhar were also awarded for best performance in conducting Vasectomy operation during 2014-15. Nayagarh and Jharsuguda awarded for best performance in IUCD and Jharsuguda and Angul districts were felicitated for best performance in PPIUCD insertions. Surgeons, female health workers, ASHA workers from 10 districts of top priority were also felicitated and awarded on the occasion for their inspiring performance in the sector in 2014.
This year World Population Day is being observed with launching of “Population Stabilization Fortnight” from 11th to 24th July 2015 all across the state. It was preceded by a “Mobilization Fortnight” from 27th June to 10th July 2015 for creating awareness on population control and generating demand for family planning services.
This year’s global theme is “Vulnerable Populations in Emergencies”. The world is seeing a record number of people displaced by crises – some 60 million according to the latest UN reports. With this huge displacement during disaster, women and adolescent girls are particularly vulnerable. Violent extremists and armed groups are committing terrible abuses that result in trauma, unintended pregnancy and infection with HIV and other diseases.
Government of India’s Theme for this year’s Observation of WPD-2015 in the entire country is: “Khushhal Parivar ka Mantar, Do Bachcho mein Teen Saal ka Antar” in Hindi and “Khusira Mantra Rakha Manare, Dwitiya Santana Teeni Barsha Pare” in Odia.
The population stabilisation campaign has been an initiative in Odisha for last five years which has started in 2010 with an attempt to bring all stakeholders to one platform in order to consolidate the efforts for fighting the menace of population explosion. At present the world population has crossed-over 7 billion and that of India stands at 1.22 billion which is a matter of serious concern to all of us in the event of rapid depletion of natural resources and on the face of food crisis. Odisha is also witnessing a population growth of around half a crore (51 lakhs) in every 10 years (Census-1991, 2001 and 2011) which is also affecting the state’s progress adversely.
Odisha’s progress in family planning programme which is the only means of controlling the population growth, during last 4-5 years has been quite encouraging and some of our major achievements in this regard are:
- Total Fertility Rate (TFR), the most important indicator in population control programme in Odisha has decreased from a shocking high of 4.7 to 2.1 (SRS-2012), the replacement fertility level, which is an outstanding achievement in itself wherein the national average (2.3) is still higher than that of Odisha. This is an indication of the state’s commitment to achieve Goals of ‘National Population Policy-2000’ which aims to stabilise population by addressing unmet need in family planning and to maintain TFR at 2.1 or below.
- As a follow up measure to ‘London Summit on Family Planning’ held in July 2012, Odisha has undertaken several measures in order to strengthen the family planning programme for ‘Achieving 19 lakh new Contraceptive Users’ by 2020 as part of FP2020 Visionin order both to prevent unwanted pregnancies and limit the family.
- As per the mandate of the programme, Odisha over the period of last couple of years has been able to increase in the service uptakes in sterilisation methods through Government health facilities which are evident from its consistency in achievement. It has resulted in promoting small family among the people in Odisha.
- In order to reach out to the newly married and young couples living in the rural areas a scheme namely ‘home delivery of contraceptives by ASHA at the doorstep of the beneficiaries’ is in operation in all the 30 districts since 2011 which has been quite successful in addressing unmet needs in spacing child births among eligible couples by promoting informed choices. This has resulted in significantly reducing the Unmet Need for Family Planning Services in Odisha to 18.9% (Annual Health Survey-2012-13).
- Given the increase in the numbers of institutional deliveries due to janani surakhya yojana (JSY) and janani ebom shisu surakhya karyakram (JSSK), H & FW department has undertaken initiatives in increasing the post-partum contraceptive services through both promotion of family planning counselling and services by facility based service providers which has resulted in significant increase in post-partum contraceptive acceptance. More than 36,347 PPIUCD insertions have been done within 48 hours post-delivery at the health facility by a trained service providers in 2014-15 against merely 4,818 in the year 2013-14. This is an indication of the success of the measures being undertaken by H & FW Department for family planning.
- As part of the compliance to the Directions of the Supreme Court, Odisha has ensured that the entire range of family planning services particularly the sterilisation operations be available in public health facilities adhering to strict quality norms with prudent clinical practices, which has resulted in minimising deaths, complications and failures following family planning operations.
- H & FW Department has also undertaken measures for fastest settlement of all claims due to sterilisation operations thereby ensuring confidence of the eligible couples and clients on the public health system.
- After a gap of several years, eligible couple survey activity has been revived by H & FW department in Odihsa wherein more than forty three thousand ASHAs are already engaged to identify the eligible couples in their village with their contraceptive preferences which has resulted in promoting informed choices and voluntary decision making among rural communities successfully.
- Due to several effective and result-oriented initiatives, Odisha’s Decadal Growth Rate has decreased from 16.25% (Census-2001) to 13.97% (Census-2011) which is lower than the national average (17.64%) that indicates the state’s significant progress in achieving the goal of population stabilisation.
- As a measure of controlling the population growth in Odisha, H & FW department has been implementing a number of family planning and reproductive health programmes that has resulted in decrease in the Birth Rate to 20.1 in 2011 from 23.5 in 2001.
- In order to ensure Contraceptive Commodity Security for all the Eligible Couples/Clients in the state, Deptt of H & FW has developed ‘an Innovation’ namely “Reproductive Health Contraceptive Logistics Management Information System (RHCLMIS) with support from Development Partner UNFPA, which has successfully addressed the issue of contraceptive stock outs in all the 30 districts by strengthening the overall supply chain system. This innovation has been duly acknowledged by Govt of India and measures are underway by the Central Government to replicate this intervention in other high fertility states. This innovation has in fact found a place in WHO-UNFPA Global Report in 2015, which is a matter of elation for Odisha.
- As part of the effort to promote male involvement in family planning and to increase acceptance of male oriented family planning services, several measure are being undertaken by Department of H & FW, which has shown significant improvement in programme performance.
- Initiation of the ‘AWARD for Family Planning Achievement’ as a state specific measure three years back by the department in various categories being given away during ‘world population day on 11thJuly’ for family planning services has indeed motivated the service providers and community volunteers, which has resulted in increase in service uptakes as the initiative has been able to inject zest and zeal among the programme managers. This year department of H & FW is going to give away cash awards and felicitate best performers in family planning service delivery in the following categories:
- a)Best Performing Districts in Family Planning Performance (2014-15). (3 Awards)
- b) Best Performing Districts in Male Sterilization Operations (2014-15). (3 Awards)
- c) Best Performing Districts in IUCD Insertion Achievements (2014-15). (2 Awards)
- d) Best Performing Districts in PPIUCD Insertion Achievements (2014-15). (2 Awards)
- e) Best Performing Surgeons in Minilap Operations during WPF-2014. (3 Awards)
- f)Best Performing Surgeons in Minilap Operations in FDS during the year 2014-15. (3 Awards)
- g)Best Performing Districts for Maintaining Quality in Family Planning Services during the year 2014-15 (2 Awards)
- h) Best Performing Health Worker (Female) in IUCD, PPIUCD & Sterilization Motivation from High Priority Districts. (3 Awards)
- i) Best Performing ASHA in Promoting Family Planning Methods from High Priority Districts (2014-15). (10 Awards)