Movement of people from their home to another city, state or country for a job, shelter or some other reasons is called migration.
Migration is a global phenomenon. Migration from rural areas to urban areas has increased in the past few years in India.
People who move from one place to another in search of work or shelter are called migrants. Many people decide to migrate to have a better life. Employment opportunities are the most common reason due to which people migrate. Most of the times migrants people are not skilled or educated therefore they usually employed as daily wagers.
Migration is becoming a very important topic for urban life. Many opportunities and attraction of big cities pull people in large numbers to big cities. Migration can have positive as well as negative effects on the life of the migrants.
Migration helps in improving the quality of life of people. Unemployment is reduced and people get better job opportunities. It helps in improving the social life of people as they learn about new culture, customs, and languages which helps to improve brotherhood among people. Children get better opportunities for higher education.
On the other hand, the loss of a person from rural areas, impact on the level of output and development of rural areas. The inflow of workers in urban areas increases competition for the job, houses, school facilities etc. Having a large population puts too much pressure on natural resources, amenities and services. Migration changes the population of a place, therefore, the distribution of the population is uneven in India.
Nevertheless, we shouldn’t forget that Migration is a way to move from one place to another in order to live and work. Everyone has the birthright to survival. Migrants are integral members of society, contributing to mutual understanding and sustainable development. So, let us acknowledge this day and ensure that all migrants are entitled to equal protection of all their human rights.